Be aware of the health and social effects of drinking alcohol. Learn more about what alcoholic drinks can do to you.
Alcohol is a depressant drug which means that it slows down all the body processes. Small doses make people feel relaxed and confident. Larger doses slow your reactions and affect judgments and coordination, which is why it is very dangerous to drink and drive. The drinker may become sick and dizzy, or even fall unconscious, adding the danger of choking on the vomit.
These effects depend partly on how concentrated the alcohol is in the drink. Spirits, such as whisky or strongest, then wine, then beer, the person’s size, and how used they are to alcohol also count. Large people are usually more resistant to alcohol than small ones.
Physical effects of alcohol
Those who drink beers and wines, or even distilled liquors such as whiskey, gin, and rum should know that ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is present in them. An alcohol consumed is rapidly absorbed by the stomach and intestines. If there is an amount of alcohol traveling in the blood throughout the entire body, it affects nearly every tissue. You are depressing the functions of your central nervous system, including the brain when you drink alcohol which is either in moderate or high doses. If the level of alcohol in the blood is higher, then there is greater impairment.
When blood passes through the liver, alcohol is turned into harmless byproducts because enzymes break it down. These harmless byproducts are then eliminated from the body after six to eight hours. The rising of alcohol levels in the blood is maybe the result of a faster rate at which alcohol accumulates in the body than the rate at which the body eliminates it. The alcohol which then remains in the body produces intoxicating effects several hours after the last alcohol drunk.
The long term effects of heavy drinking include getting fat as alcohol contains calories, though no nourishment; inflammation of the stomach leading to ulcers; shriveling and scarring of the liver (cirrhosis), and damage to the brain, kidneys and muscles, including the heart.
To those who have experienced it, they know that just small amounts of alcohol relieve tension or fatigue. It also increases appetite, and it helps numbs pain. They also know that larger quantities changes how the mind works, bolsters self-confidence. One’s inhibition, anxiety, and guilt also are reduced. As a person becomes drunk or intoxicated, painful or embarrassing situations happen and, as drinking progresses, loud and slurred speech becomes evident. Because the judgment of a drunk person becomes impaired, it may lead to unwanted behavior. Physical reflexes and muscular coordination will also be affected. If drinking continues, complete loss of physical control follows, ending in stupor, and possibly death.
Social effects of alcohol
Because drinking alcohol has been abused, it has become a threat to the community. This is the reason why societies and concerned groups are attempting to control the abuse of alcohol. Now, alcohol-use disorder has been characterized by experts as a form of illness. It has become so widespread that it is now regarded as a major problem regarding public health.
The brain of a person who regularly drinks heavily struggles constantly against the depressant effect of the alcohol to keep them awake. If they then stop drinking, their brain carries on compensating which makes the person excited, nervous, shaky and fidgety until they get another drink. This is an example of dependence.
A person should know when to get help when drinking becomes a problem. He should also become more aware of the health and social effects of drinking alcohol.